Ramadhan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting(Sawm) to commemorate the first revelation of the Quran to Muhammad according to Islamic belief. This annual observance is regarded as one of the Five Pillars of Islam. The month lasts 29–30 days based on the visual sightings of the crescent moon, according to numerous biographical accounts compiled in the hadiths. The word Ramadan comes from the Arabic root ramiḍa or ar-ramaḍ, which means scorching heat or dryness.Fasting is fardh (obligatory) for adult Muslims, except those who are suffering from an illness, travelling, are elderly, pregnant, breastfeeding, diabetic, chronically ill or menstruating. Fasting the month of Ramadan was made obligatory (wājib) during the month of Sha'ban. While fasting from dawn until sunset, Muslims refrain from consuming food, drinking liquids, smoking, and engaging in sexual relations. Muslims are also instructed to refrain from sinful behavior that may negate the reward of fasting, such as false speech (insulting, backbiting, cursing, lying, etc.) and fighting except in self-defense. Food and drinks are served daily, before dawn and after sunset, referred to as Suhoor and Iftar respectively. Spiritual rewards (thawab) for fasting are also believed to be multiplied within the month of Ramadan. Fasting for Muslims during Ramadan typically includes the increased offering of salat (prayers), recitation of the Quran and an increase of doing good deeds and charity.
In my country. Indonesia, many unique activities typical of ramadhan, among others
Ngabuburit means waiting time of the afternoon. Usually people gather with family or friends to do activities together until it's time to break their fast.
2. Ramadhan Bazaar
In the fasting month in the afternoon, many places will turn into ramadhan bazaar. There we can find various of takjil or heavy food.
Bukber means breaking fast together with others. The purpose of this activity is gathering with family / friends and enjoy that time together.
Mudik means back to hometown. The people of the city will go back to their hometown to gather with relatives and mutually apologized to each other. Usually, older people will give THR (money) to their child and nephew.
5. Eid Special Food
In Eid, this food will be present at the dinner table. Like ketupat, opor, semur, rendang, and many pastries.